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The Native Hawaiian roll commission shall be responsible for:. For purposes of establishing the roll, a "qualified Native Hawaiian" means an individual whom the commission determines has satisfied the following criteria and who makes a written statement certifying that the individual:.

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Return to the Native American Resource Collection. Native Hawaiians are the aboriginal, indigenous people who settled the Hawaiian archipelagofounded the Hawaiian nation, and exercised sovereignty over the Hawaiian Islands. Throughout their history, Native Hawaiians have maintained a deep reliance on land and nature, physical and spiritual well-being, identity, and language, as well as political empowerment.

Ruling chiefs emerged on every island and assumed stewardship over the land. They took on the responsibility of organizing the people to develop an infrastructure of irrigation networks, ro, and fishponds to intensify the production of food and basic necessities to support a rapidly expanding population.

In spite of several attempts to petition and fight for a reinstatement of the traditional monarchy, the lives of Native Hawaiians would never be the same. They experienced long-standing historical trauma that has resulted in declining health, higher death rates, language loss, land confiscation, racial segregation, and loss of identity.

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Against all odds, Native Hawaiians have managed to maintain their national identify as a distinct people with a unique language, history, culture, and ancestral land base. Back to top. The first documented contact with Westerners occurred in when Captain James Cook, a British explorer, arrived in the islands, introducing Native Hawaiians to Western civilization.

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In the ensuing years, more and more people arrived in the islands, including missionaries, businessmen, navigators, and traders. As the traffic to the islands increased, the Native Hawaiian population swiftly declined as new diseases like smallpox, measles, and venereal diseases were introduced.

Hawaiians were especially vulnerable; having had no prior contact with these diseases, they had no immunity.

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The Hawaiian alphabet contains 13 letters: 8 consonants, 5 vowels, and no consonant clusters. In the early s, a new language, pidginor Hawaiian Creole English, developed. It emerged from necessity, because many plantation workers came from different countries and spoke different languages. They still needed to be able to communicate, and so pidgin was created.

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Since then, the Hawaiian language has experienced a resurgence among all ethnic groups, not just among Native Hawaiians. Under pressure by foreigners who promoted a more Westernized system of land ownership, the reigning King in proposed a redistribution of land that divided it into three classifications: Crown, Government, and Konohiki land.

Native Hawaiians and foreigners were required to prove through land surveys that their land was being cultivated to earn a living. Most Native Hawaiians did not have the money to pay for surveys or to keep up with the requirements of owning land. The result? This injustice overwhelmed Native Hawaiians.

Historical trauma of native hawaiians

Native Hawaiians ed contract laborers from Japan, China, Korea, Portugal, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines, working long hours on plantations for very little money. In small-island populations, interracial marriages occurred among all ethnicities. At that time, the population of Native Hawaiians was estimated at over 80, Despite their traumatic history, the Native Hawaiian people have continued to endure as a unique, distinct, dignified people.

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They passionately seek measures of protection to regain traditions. They consider land as a perpetuation of their spirituality and cultural identity—as did their ancestors. And so they advocate for those sacred ancestral lands to be returned to their people. A brief summary of the history of Native Hawaiian governance in Hawaii. A brief history of the Hawaiian people. New York: American Book Company.

Historical Trauma of Native Hawaiians. Back to top Health of Native Hawaiians The first documented contact with Westerners occurred in when Captain James Cook, a British explorer, arrived in the islands, introducing Native Hawaiians to Western civilization. Back to top The Beautiful Hawaiian Land Under pressure by foreigners who promoted a more Westernized system of land ownership, the reigning King in proposed a redistribution of land that divided it into three classifications: Crown, Government, and Konohiki land.

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Hawaiianany of the aboriginal people of Hawaiidescendants of Polynesians who migrated to Hawaii in two waves: the first from the Marquesas Islandsprobably about ad ; the second from Tahiti in the 9th or 10th century.

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She explains why equating her Hawaiian third gender with Western terminology constitutes another kind of erasure.