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The demographics of Filipino Americans describe a heterogeneous group of people in the United States who trace their ancestry to the Philippines. As of the Censusthere were 3. Filipino Americans constitute the second-largest population of Asian Americansand the largest population of Overseas Filipinos. The first recorded presence of Filipinos in what is now the United States dates to Octoberwith the first permanent settlement of Filipinos in present-day Louisiana in Migration of ificant s of Filipinos to the United States did not occur until the early 20th century, when the Philippines was an overseas territory of the United States.
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The history of Filipino Americans begins in the 16th century when Filipinos first arrived in what is now the United States.
Until the 19th century, the Philippines continued to be geographically isolated from the rest of New Spain in the Americas but maintained regular communication across the Pacific Ocean via the Manila galleon. Filipino seamen in the Americas settled in Louisiana, and Alta Californiabeginning in the 18th century.
By the 19th century, Filipinos were living in the United States, fighting in the Battle of New Orleans and the American Civil Warwith the first Filipino becoming a naturalized citizen of the United States before its end. In the final years of the 19th century, the United States went to war with Spainultimately annexing the Philippine Islands from Spain.
Due to this, the History of the Philippines merged with that of the United States, beginning with the three-year-long Philippine—American Warwhich resulted in the defeat of the First Philippine Republicand the attempted Americanization of the Philippines. Mass migration of Filipinos to the United States began in the early 20th century due to Filipinos being U. These included Filipinos who enlisted as sailors of the United States Navypensionadosand laborers. During the Great DepressionFilipino Americans became targets of race-based violence, including race riots such as the one in Watsonville.
The Philippine Independence Act was passed inredefining Filipinos as aliens for immigration; this encouraged Filipinos to return to the Philippines and established the Commonwealth of the Philippines. During World War IIthe Philippines were occupied leading to resistancethe formation of segregated Filipino regiments, and the liberation of the islands.
Benefits for most Filipino veterans were rescinded with the Rescission Act of Filipinos, primarily war bridesimmigrated to the United States; further immigration was set to persons a year due to the Luce—Celler Act ofthis though did not limit the of Filipinos able to enlist into the United States Navy. That same year the person per year quota of Filipino immigrants was lifted, which began the current immigration wave; many of these immigrants were nurses. Filipino Americans began to become better integrated into American society, achieving many firsts. Inthe enlistment of Filipinos in the Philippines into the United States ended.
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By the early 21st century, Filipino American History Month was recognized. Migration patterns of immigration of Filipinos to the United States have been recognized as occurring in four ificant waves. The second wave was during the period when the Philippines were a territory of the United States ; as U.
NationalsFilipinos were unrestricted from immigrating to the US by the Immigration Act of that restricted other Asians. Then inthe Filipino-American population exceeded 45, including over 30, in California and 3, in Washington.
During the Great DepressionFilipino Americans were also affected, losing jobs, and being the target of race-based violence. The third wave of immigration followed the events of World War II. The laws prevented interracial marriage with Filipinos and continued to be a marriage barrier until The fourth and present wave of immigration began in with the passing of the Immigration and Nationality Act of It ended national quotas, and provided an unlimited of visas for family reunification.
In50, Filipinos obtained their lawful permanent residencyaccording to the U. Department of Homeland Security.
Diversity, refugees and asylum, and other of admission make up less than one percent of Filipino immigrants granted lawful permanent resident status in Overview of the history of Filipino Americans. Part of a series on the.
Prehistory pre— Precolonial period — Spanish period — American period Post-independence Under Marcos Communist rebellion Moro conflict People Power Revolution. Contemporary period —present.
Timeline and periods. By group.
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See also. Historiography List of years in the United States.
Encyclopedia of multicultural psychology. ISBN Retrieved September 27, Kevin L. Nadal March 23, Filipinos in Louisiana. Floro L. Mercene UP Press. Elliott Robert Barkan The Arts Council of New Orleans. Archived from the original on September 19, Retrieved September 18, Anderson School of Management.
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University of California, Los Angeles. Retrieved February 25, Los Angeles Herald. September 11, Archived from the original on March 30, Retrieved March 29, Everybody's Magazine. North American Company.
The American Magazine. Crowell-Collier Publishing Company.
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American Library Association. Gomez, Buddy March 30, Archived from the original on March 29, The International Migration Review.
JSTOR California State University, Chico. January 29, Archived from the original on October 12, Retrieved June 7, These Filipino pioneers were known as the "manong generation" since most of them came from Ilokos Sur, Iloilo, and Cavite in the Philippines. Filipino Student Association. Saint Louis University. Archived from the original on September 12, Jackson, Yo Included in this group were Pensionados, Sakadas, Alaskerosand Manongs primarily from the Illocos and Visayas regions.
Golden dreams: California in an age of abundance, — Retrieved April 27, They were, however, officially under the protection of the United States, which governed the Philippines, and herein they took a distinctive characteristics. First of all, they had been inculcated in the Philippines, through the American-sponsored education system and through the general point of view of a colonial society strongly under American influence, in the belief that all men were created equal, in fact and under the law, and that included them.
Second, they spoke English, excellently in many cases, thanks once again to the American sponsored educational system in the Philippines.